Schistosomiasis kills between 25,000 and 200,000 people per year in some poor areas of the world, including but not limited to: the Democratic Republic of Congo, Brazil, Venezuela, and parts of the Caribbean. There is little research being done on it, and few medications available to treat it. In fact, it is so overlooked that people who have it often don’t know for many years. While tiredness and muscle aches are among the early symptoms of schistosomiasis, it can eventually affect blood circulation. As worm eggs spread throughout the body, major organs can become damaged, possibly to the point of death.
It is a parasitic infestation caused by flatworms penetrating the skin of a person simply walking, or swimming in infested water. The worms are hosted by some freshwater snails; the worms do not live in salt water. According to the Center For Disease Control, improved sanitation through water treatment might reduce or even eliminate transmission of the disease.
What is needed is a system for treating water that is inexpensive, minimizes waste, and is cost-effective.