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Water Terrorism

Water Terrorism

A Bill was passed by Congress in 2018 that was meant to prevent cyber-security breaches on America’s 167,000 public water systems and water treatment plants. An analytics team at Booz Allen Hamilton published a paper that found our country’s water utilities to be “a...
What is Toluene

What is Toluene

Toluene, also called methylbenzene, is a natural chemical solvent often added to paint, metal cleaners, various fuels, nail polish, printing inks, and stain removers. It is also naturally produced in smoke from wildfires. It is a colorless liquid. It smells sweet and...
California Solar Canals

California Solar Canals

California has come up with a truly Californian way to save their dwindling amounts of water: by covering canals with solar panels. According to nature.com, researchers from various UC campuses conducted a feasibility study of the effects of covering California’s open...
What is Toluene

Icky Landfill Leachate

Landfill leachate results when water from precipitation and rotting waste percolate. They may become toxic when high concentrations of organic and inorganic pollutants mix with the liquids. As little as 36 inches of precipitation can result in one million gallons of...
Revising the Definition of WOTUS

Revising the Definition of WOTUS

On November 18, 2021, the EPA Administrator, Michael S. Regan and the Acting Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works), Jaime A. Pinkham, signed a proposed rule to revise the definition of “Water of the United States” (WOTUS) – which phrase governs the geographic...
Metal and Heavy Metal, What is the Difference?

Metal and Heavy Metal, What is the Difference?

Metals are lustrous minerals that conduct heat and electricity to some degree. Other minerals are classified as non-metals or metalloids. Both classes are non-conductive or less conductive than true metals. Metals have been crucially important to the development of...