A nurdle is a small piece of plastic, about the size of a lentil, which is the building block from which plastic products are made. Masses of nurdles escape into the environment before they become part of a plastic product, causing nurdles to be a large portion of plastic pollution throughout the world. Sherri Mason, who researches plastic pollution with Pennsylvania State University, said, “Pellets make up the second most common type of microplastic that we find…”

In early August of this year, a cargo ship spilled “millions – possibly billions” of hurdles into the Mississippi River, close to New Orleans. The fracas over the spill caused Sen. Tom Udall (D – N.M.) to revise an earlier drafted bill seeking to reduce plastic pollution. The new draft is focused on prohibiting the discharge of nurdles into open waterways.

Sen. Udall found research showing that small bits of plastic can take decades to break down. However, they never truly break down; they will simply deteriorate into microplastics. If micro plastics are ingested, they may release toxic substances in the body, potentially leading to oxidative stress or cancer.

Remnants of plastic are found all over the world, especially in water. IX Water can remove plastics – and other toxins and pollutants – from water, making it safer to drink and safer to use for irrigation.

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