Author: Ellie Cabell

In the U.S., 21 states have active fracking sites. Countries across the globe engage in hydraulic fracturing to access oil and natural gas. The environmental and physical safety of fracking continues to be debated around the world, but those debates tend to be focused on the potential dangers of the actual act of fracking. Some […]

Eutrophication is defined as the over-abundance of nutrients in bodies of water, often due to runoff from land. Eutrophication causes plant life such as algae to grow densely, which causes aquatic animal life to suffocate. It is the most prevalent problem concerning water quality across the world, and is a leading cause of the destruction […]

Industrial growth in China has created wide-spread economic growth.  The two naturally go hand-in-hand and are good things, but there is a cost to such expansion.  With gains in industry comes the need to regulate industrial waste.  In China, 70% of the waste in waterways is caused by industry.  The Ministry of Environmental Protection has […]

Once upon a time, it seemed harmless to dump waste into rivers, streams, and even oceans. There wasn’t much waste, and there was lots of water to mix it with – what could be the harm? Move forward 100 years or so, add around six billion people, consider the development of industries all over the […]

Coke is fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities. It is made by subjecting coal to extremely high temperatures in airtight spaces, then “quenching,” or cooling the resulting coke. The water used to quench the coke accumulates impurities that have been released by the coal. Characteristics of the highly toxic and carcinogenic wastewater […]

The volume of water used in fracking oil and gas wells in the United States continues to increase dramatically. This is caused by a number of factors having to do with the nature of the wells and the difficulty of extraction. It is imperative that we rehabilitate fracking waste water. A paper about water use […]